Hi, I’m Azeem Azhar. I convene Exponential View to help us understand how our societies and political economy will change under the force of rapidly accelerating technologies.
This is a best-of edition of Charts of the Week covering the most interesting & important charts of 2021.
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DEPARTMENT OF SHORTAGES
Too big to ignore
As we come to the end of 2021, we thought it would be nice to recap the year in charts by focusing on two of the most important stories we have followed: shortages and the rise of international VC funding. We kick things off with this chart demonstrating how the US Federal Reserve can’t ignore the shortage crisis. Via Bloomberg
An up and down year for energy markets
European gas prices went through the roof in 2021 due to various manufactured and natural shortages, leaving many industrial users little choice but to shut factories. (And domestic energy bills go through the roof.) Via Trading Economics
The transition to renewable energy
The lion’s share of India’s electricity comes from 135 coal-burning power stations. Remarkably they are running with less than a three-day fuel supply thanks to endemic shortages caused by a surge in Chinese demand. It’s not just Europe facing a severe energy crunch. Via The Economist
The one item everyone needed in 2021
Computer chips were one of the most glaring items in shortage this year. Taiwan’s TSMC’s incredible dominance in the chip space comes into sharp perspective in this chart. Incredible. Via FT
A shortage of innovation?
The human shortage
In the era of shortage, China’s birth rate has fallen to lows not seen since 1961. Will the government’s change on the number of children families are allowed to have change the direction of this chart? Via Bloomberg
Who can forget the Ever Given?
“Granpa, what really caused the great resource crisis of 2021? Well, junior, this really big ship got stuck trying to turn around in a canal.” If there was one symbol of the great shortage of 2021, this was it. Via Kess van der Leun
DEPARTMENT OF FUNDING
A big year
The numbers for global venture capital in 2021 were off the charts. Simply staggering. Via Dealroom
The globalisation of VC
US share of global venture deals fell in 2021. About half of all venture deals are now outside of the US, up from about a quarter ten years ago. Via Dealroom
European seed funding had a big year. At $1.3bn, seed funding is at the highest amount recorded for a single quarter for European startups. Via Crunchbase
The year of the SPAC
IPO capital raised by US SPACs in 2013: $1bn. In 2020: $83bn. In 2021, year to date: $97bn. Via Charlie Bilello / Exponential View
Funds got bigger
As public markets boom and yields trend to zero, capital is flowing into mega VC funds in order to access the technology premium. Capital flowing into large VC funds is around four times higher than about a decade ago. Via Yuliya Chernova
Delivery companies had another banner year
You don’t need me to tell you that the last year has been a boon for food delivery companies. Yet, look at the growth of DoorDash. The company went from 5 per cent market share to over 50 per cent in less than 18 months. Via Tanay Jaipuria
No “and finally” this week as our team slows down for the holiday season. Charts of the week will return in the New Year. As always, please feel free to comment and discuss all the charts (and the year that was!).
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